HIF-1α-related Assays (Hypoxia)
luciferase reporter constructs validated for hypoxia
The LightSwitch™ Hypoxia (HIF-1α) Pathway Collection is a comprehensive set of sequence-verified, transfection-ready, promoter reporter constructs that can be used to accurately quantify transcriptional activation and repression in response to induction of the hypoxia pathway. These constructs are a subset of the 18,000-member LightSwitch Promoter Reporter GoClone® Collection that were selected based on sequence motif analysis, published information and in-house analysis of each promoter's activity* using our LightSwitch Luciferase Assay.
The Hypoxia (HIF-1α) Biomarker Set contains 8 of the highest responding promoters under our chosen test conditions, as well as the promoters of 2 housekeeping genes (Figure 1). The Hypoxia (HIF-1α) Profiling Plate contains 88 promoter reporter constructs that showed significant activation or repression in response to induction (See the Hypoxia (HIF-1α) Profiling Plate tab below for data and a list of constructs). The LDHA promoter construct, which is a member of both the Biomarker Set and the Profiling Plate, is also available as a Pathway Reporter Stable Cell Line to facilitate high-throughput screening.
Figure 1: Induction ratios for each member of the Hypoxia (HIF-1α) Biomarker Set.
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Hypoxia (HIF-1α) Pathway
Hypoxia, low oxygen concentration in cells, is a characteristic of various physiological processes such as the regulation of cell differentiation, blood vessel formation, and wound healing. Hypoxia is also widely associated with diseases such as anemia, diabetes, kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, sickle cell disease, and many cancers. Cells under hypoxic stress activate a signaling cascade of hypoxia-responsive genes to aid the cell into either adapting to the low oxygen conditions or undergoing apoptosis. This response to restore cellular homeostasis is primarily initiated and regulated by the family of hypoxia inducible transcription factors (HIF-1α).
The collection of validated LightSwitch HIF-1α-related promoter reporters enables you to:
- Understand the mechanisms by which hypoxia regulated genes are induced or repressed
- Quantify the functional consequences of transcription factor binding – while many other technologies give a qualitative view of transcription factor level, our promoter reporter assays quantify the effects of transcription factor binding
- Confirm data from ChIP, ChIP-chip or ChIP-Seq experiments
- Measure the effect of sequence variants and mutagenesis on promoter function
- Screen for promoter activation or develop activity profiles across the hypoxia signaling pathway for many compounds or conditions in parallel
Hypoxia and cancer: Application highlight
Hypoxia is a common trait in tumors, attributable to insufficient vascularization. Cell response to hypoxic stress is primarily mediated through the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1). Low oxygen concentration induces HIF to regulate genes involved in restoring cellular homeostasis such as erythropoietin, glycolytic enzymes and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Understanding the regulation and mechanisms of hypoxia-induced gene expression can provide critical insights into cancer pathogenesis.
Hypoxic conditions in tumors also cause resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, creating considerable interest in the development of anti-hypoxia drugs. Although HIF-1 inhibition in hypoxic tumor cells may confer therapeutic benefits, evaluating the full HIF-1 pathway is critical for efficient screening of small molecules and minimizing off-target effects.
LightSwitch Luciferase Assay System
The LightSwitch Luciferase Assay System is a complete solution for studying transcriptional & post-transcriptional gene regulation in living mammalian cells. It enables you to directly measure the functional activity of promoters and 3´UTRs through use of an engineered luciferase gene (RenSP) and optimized assay & transfection reagents that ensure superior, reproducible results. In addition to Validated Pathway Collections, the LightSwitch System includes collections of over 30,000 cloned human promoter reporter constructs and human 3´UTR reporter constructs, miRNA mimics and inhibitors, stable cell lines, as well as collections of synthetic long-range response element constructs and synthetic 3´UTRs target validation constructs that can provide more sensitivity than endogenous sequences.
LightSwitch Promoter Reporter Assays.
Advantages of the LightSwitch Luciferase Assay System
- Quantitative – Novel RenSP luciferase technology allows you to measure promoter activity with industry-leading sensitivity and dynamic range.
- Simple, fast, complete solution – With pre-cloned LightSwitch Reporter vectors and optimized transfection & assay reagents, you can study regulation of your gene today. No cloning, DNA preparation or optimization is needed, and most studies do not require any internal transfection controls.
- Comprehensive and verified – The genome-wide LightSwitch Reporter Collections are sequence-verified, transfection-ready promoter and 3´UTR reporter vectors.
- Functionally insightful – Learn about the actual effects of transcription factor binding to verify computational predictions and supplement microarray or sequencing data.
- Cost-effective – Efficiently screen for activation and/or repression using a multitude of conditions.
The Hypoxia (HIF-1α) Biomarker Set contains 5 µg aliquots each of 8 promoter reporter constructs and 2 housekeeping promoter constructs (NO_ANNOTATION & NUB1) for use as controls. Click on the links below for clone information.
The Hypoxia (HIF-1α) Profiling Plate includes 88 promoter reporter constructs and 8 transfection control constructs (4 constructs from housekeeping genes with promoter activities of varying strengths (P1-P4), and 4 constructs with random 1 kb fragments (R1-R4)). To download a plate map with links to clone information, please click here.
** The LDHA promoter construct, which is a member of both the Biomarker Set and the Profiling Plate, is also available as a Pathway Reporter Stable Cell Line to facilitate high-throughput screening.